GMAT AWA List: Analysis of an Argument, Preparation for Week 1

All those who are preparing for GMAT can practice for their first week, the following list of first 7 AoAs from OG 12:

1. The following appeared as part of an annual report sent to stockholders by Olympic Foods, a processor of frozen foods.

“Over time, the costs of processing go down because as organisatons learn how to do things better, they become more efficient. In color film processing, for example, the cost of a 3-by-5-inch print fell from 50 cents for 5 day service in 1970 to 20 cents for one-day service in 1984. The same principle applies to the processing of food. And since Olympic Food will soon celebrate its 25th birthday, we can expect that our long experience will enable us to minimise costs and thus maximise profits.”

Discuss how well reasoned you find this argument. In your discussion be sure to analyse the line of reasoning and the use of evidence in the argument. For example, you may need to consider what questionable assumptions underlie the thinking and what alternative explanations or counterexamples might weaken the conclusion. You can also discuss what sort of evidence would strengthen or refute the srguent, what changes inteh argument would make it more logically sound, and what if anything, would help you better vealusate its conclusion.

2. The following appeared in a memorandum for the businessdepartment of  tehh Apogee Company:

“When the Apogee Company had all its operations in one location, it was more profitable than it is today. Therefore, the Apogee Company should close  down its field offices and conduct all its operation from a single location. Such centralisation would improve profitability by cutting costs and helping the company maintain betrre supervision of all employees.”

Discuss how well reasoned … etc.

3. The following appeared in a memorandum issued by a large city’s council on the arts:

“In a recent citywide poll, 15 percent more residents said that they watch television programmes about the visual arts than was the case in a poll conducted five years ago. During these past five years, the number of people visiting our city’s Art Museums has increased by a similar percentage. Since the corporate funding that supports public television, where most of  the visual arts programs appear, is now being threatened with severe cuts, we can expect that attendance at our city’s art museums will also start to decrease. Thus some of the city’s funds for supportingteh arts should be relocated to public television.”

 Discuss how well reasoned … etc.

4. The following appeared in a report presented for discussion at a meeting of the directors of a company that manufactures parts for heavy machinery:

“The falling revenues that the company is experiencing coincide with delays in manufacturing, These delays, in turn, are due in large part to poor planning in purchasing metals. Consider further that the manager of the department that handles purchasing of raw materials has an excellent background in general business, psychology, and sociology, but knows little about  the properties of metals. The company should, therefore, move the purchasing manager to the sales department and bring in a scientist from the research division to be manager of   the purchasing  department.”

Discuss how well reasoned … etc.

5. The following appeared in an announcement issued by the publisher of The Mercury, a weekly newspaper:

“Since a competing lower-priced newspaper, The Bugle, was started five years ago, The Mercury’s circulation has declined by 10,000 readers. The best way  to get more people to read The Mercury is to reduce its price Below that of The Bugle, at least until circulation increases to  former levels. The increased circulation of The Mercury will attract more businesses to buy advertising space in the paper.”

Discuss how well reasoned … etc.

6. The following appeared as part of an article in a magazine devoted to regional life:

“Corporations should look to the city of Helios when seeking new business opportunities or a anew location. Even in the recent recession, Helios’s unemployment rate was lower than the regional average. It is the industrial center of the region, and historically it has provided more  than its share of  the region’s manufacturing jobs. In addition, Helios is attempting to attempted to expand its economic base by attracting companies that focus on research and development of innovative technologies.”

Discuss how well reasoned … etc.

7. The following appeared in the health sectionof a magazine devoted to regional life:

“People who use the artificial sweetener aspartame are better off consuming sugar, since aspartame can actually contribute to weight gain rather  than weight loss. For example, high levels of aspartame have been shown to trigger a craving for food by depleting the brain of a chemical that registers satiety, or the sense of being full. Furthermore, studies suggest that sugars, if consumed after at least 45 minutes of continuous exercise, actually enhance the body’s ability to burn fat. Consequently, those who drink aspartame-sweetened juices after exercise will also lose this calorie-burning benefit. Thus it appears that people consuming aspartame rather than sugar are unlkily to achieve their dietary goals.”

Discuss how well reasoned … etc.

For the preparation for Week 2, follow us till the next post on the title.

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